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Swaziland Geography
 
 
 

General

A landlocked country in southern Africa, Swaziland has an area of 17,363 km² (6,704 mi²), extending 176 km (109 mi) north to south, and 135 km (84 mi) east to west. Comparatively, the area occupied by Swaziland is slightly smaller than Kuwait. It is bounded by Mozambique on the northeast and by the Republic of South Africa (including the homelands) on the southeast, south, west and north, with a total boundary length of 535 km (332 mi).

Swaziland's capital city, Mbabane, is located in the northwest part of the country.

The country is divided west-to-east into four well defined regions, the first three being of roughly equal breadth. The four regions extend north and south and are known as the high, middle, and low veld, and the Lebombo plain and escarpment. The high veld on the west has an average altitude of 1,050 m to 1,200 m (3445 to 3,937 ft). The middle veld averages about 450 to 600 m (1,476 to 1,969 ft), and the low or bush veld less than 300 m (984 ft). The Lebombo plain, at an average height of 610 m (2,000 ft), extends to the Lebombo escarpment, which is part of the Lebombo Mountains in the east. The entire country is traversed by rivers or streams, making it one of the best watered areas in southern Africa.

The Highveld has a humid near-temperate climate with about 140 cm (55 in) of mean annual rainfall. The middle veld is subtropical and somewhat drier, with about 85 cm (33 in) of annual rainfall; the low veld, almost tropical, is subhumid, receiving about 60 cm (24 in) of rain in an average year. Rainfall tends to be concentrated in a few violent storms in the summer (October-March). Temperatures range from as low as -3°C (27°F) in winter in the highlands to as high as 42°C (108°F) in summer in the lowlands. At Mbabane, temperatures average 20°C (68°F) in January and 12°C (54°F) in July.

Overview

Location :
Southern Africa, between Mozambique and South Africa

Geographic coordinates :
26 30 S, 31 30 E

Map references :
Africa

Area :
total: 17,364 sq km
land: 17,204 sq km
water: 160 sq km


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