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Swaziland Population


The population of Swaziland in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 1,077,000, which placed it as number 150 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 3% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 43% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 91 males for every 100 females in the country in 2003. According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2000-2005 is 0.80%, with the projected population for the year 2015 at 1,075,000. The population density in 2002 was 65 per km² (168 per mi²).

It was estimated by the Population Reference Bureau that 26% of the population lived in urban areas in 2001. The capital city, Mbabane, had a population of 73,000 in that year. According to the UN, the urban population growth rate for 2000-2005 was 4.0%.

The prevalence of AIDS/HIV has had a significant impact on the population of Swaziland. The UN estimated that 33.7% of adults between the ages of 15-49 were living with HIV/AIDS in 2001. The AIDS epidemic causes higher death and infant mortality rates, and lowers life expectancy.


Population :
1,370,424 (July 2011 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure :
0-14 years: 37.8% (male 261,762/female 255,828)
15-64 years: 58.6% (male 399,746/female 403,681)
65 years and over: 3.6% (male 20,472/female 28,935) (2011 est.)

Median age :
total: 20.3 years
male: 19.9 years
female: 20.7 years (2011 est.)

Population growth rate :
1.204% (2011 est.)

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